Why Did India Choose Pluralism?
Lesson From a Post-Colonial State
Publication Date: April 2017
Like many postcolonial states, India’s path to independence included building a common national identity among diverse religious and ethnic groups. While the creation of Pakistan in 1947 seemed to assert that Hindus and Muslims could not co-exist in a single nation, India remained committed to recognizing cultural diversity and promoting a more pluralistic sense of citizenship. What lessons can we learn about the choices India made and the dynamics of difference within its self-identity as a country? Is a commitment to pluralism central to India’s identity today?