Global Pluralism Index

Measuring Pluralism in Diverse Societies: Global Pluralism Index

Living  with  diversity  is  a  shared  global  challenge,  faced  by  developed  and  developing  countries alike. Vulnerable groups, such as religious and ethnic minorities, are often subjected to various forms of political, economic, and cultural exclusion in their everyday lives. In order to create peaceful, pluralistic societies, these exclusionary practices must be systematically addressed. To do this, practitioners and policymakers must be able to monitor trends in exclusion and inclusion around the world. However, while there are tools that monitor specific aspects of diversity such as religious freedom or indigenous rights, there are currently no tools that evaluate a society’s treatment of all types of diversity and assess practices across the economic, political, and cultural spheres.

The Pluralism Index will:

  • Raise awareness and catalyze debate about pluralism around the world;
  • Include measures of recognition of diversity (laws, policies, practices by states and civil society) and belonging (attitudes and perceptions) across political, economic and  cultural domains;
  • Enable policymakers, practitioners and change-makers to assess the state of pluralism in their societies, identify where pluralism deficits are taking place, and highlight the pathways towards greater inclusion;
  • Track a society’s trajectory of choice over time, either towards greater inclusion or exclusion;
  • Identify early signs of division and exclusion, enabling upstream conflict prevention, long before conflict becomes imminent;
  • Contribute to ongoing global efforts to measure inclusion for the realization of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Working Papers

The Global Pluralism Index builds on a three-year research program in which the Centre explored a variety of approaches to creating the index. Collected below are several working papers on these approaches and how the Centre could use them.

Audit Tool Survey

Argyro Kartsonaki and Stefan Wolff

Scenario Planning

Stefan Wolff

Values-Based Benchmarks

Argyro Kartsonaki and Stefan Wolff

Technical Advisory Group

The Centre has convened a group of advisors to provide technical and analytical expertise during the development of the index. To read more, follow the link below.


The Centre thanks the International Development Research Centre for their financial and intellectual partnership on the Global Pluralism Index project.